Retinol, also referred to as vitamin A, has been all the rave for some time now. But what's all the hype about?
Retinol and its effectiveness in cosmetics?
Retinol is a highly effective form of vitamin A, an essential vitamin for the structure of the skin. It is particularly popular for its anti-aging benefits. On the one hand, regenerative properties help to activate the skin cells, which means that retinol has a skin-improving effect. Wrinkles and fine lines are reduced, pores are refined and antioxidant protection against free radicals is stimulated. Vitamin A is essential for our organism, especially for our eyes, the immune system, metabolism of iron and the mucous membranes.
As mentioned above, vitamin A is important for the structure of the skin stimulating the corneocytes found in the top layer of the skin. As such, it is needed to support the regenerative process of the skin. This reduces wrinkles and effectively smoothes the surface of the skin.
In the lower layers of the skin, collagen supports the skin - a healthy collagen framework ensures a smooth, elastic appearance and fewer wrinkles. Retinol stimulates the skin's own collagen production and thus supports a younger-looking complexion!
Furthermore, since vitamin A is also a potent antioxidant, it protects the skin from free radicals and other harmful environmental influences.
What types of retinol are there?
1. Retinol esters
This is a preliminary stage from which retinol is only produced after chemical reactions. Retinol ester is an inactive form of retinol, less potent and milder to the skin. In other words: a gentler alternative to retinol.
Since pure retinol has to be oxidised to retinoic acid (tretinoin) in the skin, the active form of retinol is tretinoin. Incidentally, the following applies to retinol: Avoid using high dosages of retinol since it could lead to skin irritations.
After retinol ester is converted to retinol, it is converted to tretinoin, also called vitamin A acid.
Tips When Using Retinol
Retinol is used in creams, serums, capsules or cleansing products and is said to promote a radiant complexion. But what exactly should be considered when using retinol?
First of all, you should give your skin enough time to get used to the new active ingredient. Use your retinol-based product twice a week for the time being, as the skin could be more prone to redness during the beginning stages. Retinol is not suitable for all skin types. If your skin is irritated and does not subside after about a week, you should stop using the product.
It is best to use retinol in the evening, due to its light-sensitive properties. During the day you should definitely integrate SPF into your skincare routine!
Less is sometimes more! Even small dosages of retinol can improve the appearance of your skin. Start with small dosages to get a feel of how much vitamin A your skin needs.